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guatemala geography facts

Both systems use digital signaling . issues, the CIA Recruitment Center does not accept resumes, nor can we return phone calls, e-mails This entry states the total route length of the railway network and of its component parts by gauge, which is the measure of the distance between the inner sides of the load-bearing rails. This entry is the total amount of carbon dioxide, measured in metric tons, released by burning fossil fuels in the process of producing and consuming energy. On December 26, 1997, another minor change was made to the flag. Obsidian projectile points are the earliest evidence of human inhabitants in Guatemala, dating as far back as 18,000 BC. . Because the level of inpatient services required for individual countries depends on several factors - such as demographic issues and the burden of disease - there is . This flag had horizontal blue-white-blue stripes, like those of. The judge selection and term of office subfield includes the organizations and associated officials responsible for nominating and appointing j . In 1996, then president Alvaro Azru ended the civil war by signing a peace agreement with the rebels. This entry gives the required ages for voluntary or conscript military service and the length of service obligation. This entry is the total amount of crude oil produced, in barrels per day (bbl/day). household consumption consists of expenditures by resident households, and by nonprofit insti . In most cases, beds for both acute and chronic care are included. This entry includes the number of males for each female in five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. The elections subfield includes the dates of the last election and next election. The discrepancy between the amount of natural gas produced and/or imported and the amount consumed and/or exported is due to the omission of stock changes and other complicating factors. . Honduras is considered a developing nation and … . People from nearly every country share information with CIA, and new individuals contact us The entire city of Antigua, the country’s former capital, is a UNESCO Site, and is replete with colonial ruins destroyed in earthquakes. . This entry is the annual electricity generated expressed in kilowatt-hours. collection mission, there are many ways to reach us. In 1986, the new constitution established three government branches. This entry lists major infectious diseases likely to be encountered in countries where the risk of such diseases is assessed to be very high as compared to the United States. Image credit – John. (free on board) basis. An urban agglomeration is defined as comprising the city or town proper and also the suburban fringe or thickly settled territory lying outside of, but adjacent to, the boundaries of the city. The Christianity is the religion of the majority. This entry includes the name of the Factbook reference map on which a country may be found. This entry includes a brief general assessment of a country's telecommunications system with details on the domestic and international components. Information is included by sex and age group as follows: 0-14 years (children), 15-24 years (early working age), 25-54 years (prime working age), 55-64 years (mature working age), 65 years and over (elderly). . This entry gives the total number of airports with unpaved runways (grass, dirt, sand, or gravel surfaces) by length. . Guatemala has 252 listed wetlands, including five lakes, 61 lagoons, 100 rivers, and four swamps. Learn more about Career Opportunities at CIA. Legend has it that when men left the village to work in the field, Maximón crept into town and slept with their wives. Southern Guatemala is dominated by a string of 27 volcanoes extending for about 180 miles (300 km) between Mexico and El Salvador. This entry provides a rank ordering of trading partners starting with the most important; it sometimes includes the percent of total dollar value. . Resources. . Employment: We do not routinely days if their qualifications meet our needs. Click to download the free sample version, This site uses cookies to improve your experience. All aspects of communication—periodical news, the comics, soap operas, film—are primarily of foreign origin. . This entry includes the mean elevation and elevation extremes, lowest point and highest point. This entry gives the gross domestic product (GDP) or value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year. The agricultural sector accounts for about one-tenth of GDP, two-fifths of exports, and half of the labor force. . Info . Unless otherwise noted, military estimates focus on the major services (army, navy, air force, and where applicable, gendarmeries) and do not account for activated reservists or delineate military service members assigned to joint staffs or defense ministries. This entry is the age that divides a population into two numerically equal groups; that is, half the people are younger than this age and half are older. . This entry separates country participation in international environmental agreements into two levels - party to and signed, but not ratified. The definition of a refugee according to a UN Convention is "a person who is outside his/her country of nationality or habitual residence; has a well-founded fear of persecution because of his/her race, religion, nationality, membership in a . Some of the topics addressed are population age structure, fertility, health, mortality, poverty, education, and migration. By postal mail: Central Intelligence Agency Office of Public Affairs Washington, D.C. 20505, Contact the Office of Privacy and Civil Liberties, Contact the Employment Verification Office. . Guatemala’s universities are concentrated in the capital. This entry records a country's net trade in goods and services, plus net earnings from rents, interest, profits, and dividends, and net transfer payments (such as pension funds and worker remittances) to and from the rest of the world during the period specified. We reply first to messages of greater interest Guatemala exports fruits, flowers, vegetables, clothes, and handicrafts among many other products. The average annual percent change in the population, resulting from a surplus (or deficit) of births over deaths and the balance of migrants entering and leaving a country. This entry provides a listing of languages spoken in each country and specifies any that are official national or regional languages. Guatemala's total fertility rate has slowly declined during the last few decades due in part to limited government-funded health programs. Absolute monarchy - a form of government where the monarch rules unhindered, i.e., without any laws, constitution, or legally organized opposition. . . While it may suggest population density, it does not provide density figures. A number of countries have separate constitutional courts. Most of the great Classic-era (250 – 900 AD) Maya cities of the Petén Basin region, in the northern lowlands, had been abandoned by the year 1000 AD. A positive (+) number indicates that revenues exceeded expenditures (a budget surplus), while a negative (-) number indicates the reverse (a budget deficit). The listing le . note: one of only two national flags featuring a firearm, the other is Mozambique, numerous volcanoes in mountains, with occasional violent earthquakes; Caribbean coast extremely susceptible to hurricanes and other tropical storms, volcanism: significant volcanic activity in the Sierra Madre range; Santa Maria (3,772 m) has been deemed a Decade Volcano by the International Association of Volcanology and Chemistry of the Earth's Interior, worthy of study due to its explosive history and close proximity to human populations; Pacaya (2,552 m), which erupted in May 2010 causing an ashfall on Guatemala City and prompting evacuations, is one of the country's most active volcanoes with frequent eruptions since 1965; other historically active volcanoes include Acatenango, Almolonga, Atitlan, Fuego, and Tacana; see note 2 under "Geography - note", note 1: despite having both eastern and western coastlines (Caribbean Sea and Pacific Ocean respectively), there are no natural harbors on the west coast, note 2: Guatemala is one of the countries along the Ring of Fire, a belt of active volcanoes and earthquake epicenters bordering the Pacific Ocean; up to 90% of the world's earthquakes and some 75% of the world's volcanoes occur within the Ring of Fire, note: the 2003 Law of National Languages officially recognized 23 indigenous languages, including 21 Maya languages, Xinca, and Garifuna. There are several associations dedicated to research and education for specific fields of medicine and particular diseases and conditions. This entry includes rounded latitude and longitude figures for the centroid or center point of a country expressed in degrees and minutes; it is based on the locations provided in the Geographic Names Server (GNS), maintained by the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency on behalf of the US Board on Geographic Names. Guatemala has 14 ecoregions ranging from mangrove forests to both ocean littorals with 5 different ecosystems. The net migration rate indicates the contribution of migration to the overall level of population chan . The quality of surveys is improving with time, yet caution is still necessary in making inter-country comparisons. These infectious diseases represent risks to US government personnel traveling to the specified country for a period of less than three years. In general, products appear only if they make a significant contribution to the economy, or are likely to do so in the future. It is possible for a country with a 100% urban population to still display a change in the rate of urbanization (up or down). Many economists prefer this measure when gauging the economic power an economy maintains vis- . . . The country is 42,043 square miles (108,890 square kilometers) large and has a total population of 13.2 million people. Food in the region is a … Cannabis (Cannabis sativa) is the common hemp plant, which provides hallucinogens with some sedative properties, and includes marijuana (pot, Acapulco gold, grass, reefer), tetrahydroca . After many revolts and turnovers of power, the Congress appointed Ramiro de Leon Carpio to lead the republic in 1993. Electrification – total population is the percent of a country’s total population with access to electricity, electrification – urban areas is the percent of a country’s urban population w . . The history subfield includes the dates of previous constitutions and the main steps and dates in formulating and implementing the latest constitution. . You can also mail a letter to a U.S. Embassy or Consulate and request it be forwarded to CIA. If you've been to Guatemala or have read anything about it, then you might know some of this stuff. This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. The Dominican Republic-Central America Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA-DR) entered into force in July 2006, spurring increased investment and diversification of exports, with the largest increases in ethanol and non-traditional agricultural exports. Changes that have been reported but not yet acted on by the BGN are noted. answer questions about employment beyond the information on this Web site, and we do not routinely The adult prevalence rate is calculated by dividing the estimated number of adults living with HIV/AIDS at yearend by the total adult population at yearend. Or, you can send us a message using the Tor browser at ciadotgov4sjwlzihbbgxnqg3xiyrg7so2r2o3lt5wz5ypk4sxyjstad.onion. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Our open-source library houses the thousands of documents, periodicals, maps and reports released to the public. Volcanoes … An addition . Maya is the second largest ethnic community accounting for 39.3% of the population. three equal vertical bands of light blue (hoist side), white, and light blue, with the coat of arms centered in the white band; the coat of arms includes a green and red quetzal (the national bird) representing liberty and a scroll bearing the inscription LIBERTAD 15 DE SEPTIEMBRE DE 1821 (the original date of independence from Spain) all superimposed on a pair of crossed rifles signifying Guatemala's willingness to defend itself and a pair of crossed swords representing honor and framed by a laurel wreath symbolizing victory; the blue bands represent the Pacific Ocean and Caribbean Sea; the white band denotes peace and purity. Honduras is a country located in Central America on the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea. Close to two-thirds of the country’s total land area is mountainous. If you feel it is safe, consider providing these details with your submission: We cannot guarantee a response to every message. This entry gives an estimate of the percentage of adults (aged 15-49) living with HIV/AIDS. This entry is the stock of proved reserves of crude oil, in barrels (bbl). A national symbol is a faunal, floral, or other abstract representation - or some distinctive object - that over time has come to be closely identified with a country or entity. This entry gives the annual percentage increase in industrial production (includes manufacturing, mining, and construction). Guatemalans are increasingly exposed to the intrusion of foreign influences upon their way of life. This entry gives the total number of fixed-broadband subscriptions, as well as the number of subscriptions per 100 inhabitants. We do not For example, rich nations generally employ more generous standards of poverty than poor nations. The deepest lake in Central America is in Guatemala, formed over 84,000 years ago when a. This entry includes four subfields describing the air transport system of a given country in terms of both structure and performance. It depends on both the level of fertility and the age structure of the population. Due to the country’s mountainous terrain, one-third of the population lives in villages in the cool highlands, while the coastal lowlands are humid and warm. This entry lists the percentage distribution of the labor force by sector of occupation. The United Provinces of Central America, a federation, was then formed by Guatemala. Currently, the median age ranges from a low of about 15 in Niger and Uganda to 40 or more in several European countries and Japan. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This entry is the total amount of crude oil imported, in barrels per day (bbl/day). This entry gives the primary national day of celebration - usually independence day. . Copyright © 1999–2020This site uses cookies to improve your experience. . chensiyuan/Wikimedia Commons/CC BY 4.0, 3.0, 2.5, 2.0, 1.0. The export of coffee was the main contributor to the boom of Guatemala’s economy in the 1870s. . . The measur . This entry includes a brief description of typical weather regimes throughout the year; in the Word entry only, it includes four subfields that describe climate extremes:ten driest places on earth (average annual precipitation) describes the annual average precipitation measured in both millimeters and inches for selected countries with climate extremes. . This entry provides information about access to improved or unimproved sanitation facilities available to segments of the population of a country. This entry generally gives the numbers, designatory terms, and first-order administrative divisions as approved by the US Board on Geographic Names (BGN). Thousands of Guatemalans who fled to Mexico returned after the war, but labor migration to southern Mexico continues. This entry includes the figure for the difference between the number of persons entering and leaving a country during the year per 1,000 persons (based on midyear population). Iturbide was overthrown by revolution, freeing Guatemala and giving rise to the Mexican republic. This entry gives the average annual number of births during a year per 1,000 persons in the population at midyear; also known as crude birth rate. . This entry provides information related to the acquisition and exercise of citizenship; it includes four subfields: citizenship by birth describes the acquisition of citizenship based on place of birth, known as Jus soli, regardless of the citizenship of parents. Taxes include personal and corporate income taxes, value added taxes, excise taxes, and tariffs. This entry gives the number of square kilometers of land area that is artificially supplied with water. The MMR includes deaths during pregnancy, childbirth, or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy, irrespective of the duration and site of the pregnancy, for a specified year. By the 14th century, the once mighty civilization was already declining when the Europeans arrived. Typically authentic Guatemalan foods are found in the home rather than a restaurant and often blend Indian, European, Spanish, and Caribbean flavors. Over half of the country’s population is indigenous and many of the Maya women still weave clothes that are brightly colored. . Tikal. This entry gives the total number of mobile cellular telephone subscribers, as well as the number of subscriptions per 100 inhabitants. This entry includes miscellaneous geographic information of significance not included elsewhere. These figures are calculated on an exchange rate basis, i.e., not in purchasing power parity (PPP) terms. They also plan, supervise, and evaluate care and treatment plans by other health care providers. Guatemalan History • Guatemala currently has three UNESCO World Heritage Sites. . . Central America, bordering the North Pacific Ocean, between El Salvador and Mexico, and bordering the Gulf of Honduras (Caribbean Sea) between Honduras and Belize Photograph by Jill Schneider, Nat Geo Image Collection . This entry gives an estimate of all people (adults and children) alive at yearend with HIV infection, whether or not they have developed symptoms of AIDS. These figures are calculated on an exchange rate basis, i.e., not in purchasing power parity (PPP) terms. When the United Provinces of Central America separated, Guatemala received a new flag on November 14, 1843. U.S. official. This entry gives the total number of heliports with hard-surface runways, helipads, or landing areas that support routine sustained helicopter operations exclusively and have support facilities including one or more of the following facilities: lighting, fuel, passenger handling, or maintenance. This entry identifies the country's regional location, neighboring countries, and adjacent bodies of water. . Dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. . Society is marked by pronounced extremes in the lifestyle led by residents. Normalizing the data, by dividing the budget balance by GDP, enables easy comparisons across countries and indicates whether a national government saves or borrows money. Guatemala Guatemala is a country of volcanoes, mountains, and beaches on the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea. Surveys based on income will normally show a more unequal distribution than surveys based on consumption. Information regarding disputes over international terrestrial and maritime boundaries has been reviewed by the US Department of State. are not included. You’ll find comfortable spring-like temperatures in major cities like La Antigua, Guatemala City, and … As fertility leve . Guatemala has had different capital cities. . Landforms of Guatemala include the western highlands, the Peten jungle, the Pacific coast and the Caribbean coast. This entry includes three subfields. the information via one of the above methods. . To find out more, see our cookie policy. Please check our site map, search The choice of gauge during initial construction was mainly in resp . This entry is the total imported electricity in kilowatt-hours. Where appropriate, a special note has been added to highlight those countries that have multiple time zones. Guatemala City is the capital of Guatemala, and at 3.7 million people in the metro area, the largest city in all of Central America. Guatemala has a population of 14.6 million (mid-2014 data) with a growth rate of 1.86 percent. Current Health Expenditure (CHE) describes the share of spending on health in each country relative to the size of its economy.  It includes expenditures corresponding to the final consumption of health care goods and services and excludes investment, exports, and intermediate consumption.  CHE shows the importance of the health sector in the economy and indicates the priority given to health in monetary terms.  Note: Current Health Expenditure replaces the former Health Expenditures field . Proved reserves are those quantities of natural gas, which, by analysis of geological and engineering data, can be estimated with a high degree of confidence to be commercially recoverable from a given date forward, from known reservoirs and under current economic conditions. In some instances, the number of containers handled or ship visits were also considered. Appendix B: International Organizations and Groups explains the differing mandates of the ICJ and ICCt. 22 departments (departamentos, singular - departamento); Alta Verapaz, Baja Verapaz, Chimaltenango, Chiquimula, El Progreso, Escuintla, Guatemala, Huehuetenango, Izabal, Jalapa, Jutiapa, Peten, Quetzaltenango, Quiche, Retalhuleu, Sacatepequez, San Marcos, Santa Rosa, Solola, Suchitepequez, Totonicapan, Zacapa, civil law system; judicial review of legislative acts, has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration; accepts ICCt jurisdiction, 18 years of age; universal; note - active duty members of the armed forces and police by law cannot vote and are restricted to their barracks on election day, Bienestar Nacional or BIEN [Alfonso PORTILLO and Evelyn MORATAYA], BCIE, CACM, CD, CELAC, EITI (compliant country), FAO, G-24, G-77, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC (national committees), ICCt (signatory), ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO (correspondent), ITSO, ITU, ITUC (NGOs), LAES, LAIA (observer), MIGA, MINUSTAH, MONUSCO, NAM, OAS, OPANAL, OPCW, Pacific Alliance (observer), PCA, Petrocaribe, SICA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNIFIL, Union Latina, UNISFA, UNITAR, UNMISS, UNOCI, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU (NGOs), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO, quetzal (bird); national colors: blue, white, sugarcane, corn, bananas, coffee, beans, cardamom; cattle, sheep, pigs, chickens, sugar, textiles and clothing, furniture, chemicals, petroleum, metals, rubber, tourism, US 33.8%, El Salvador 11.1%, Honduras 8.8%, Nicaragua 5.1%, Mexico 4.7%, sugar, coffee, petroleum, apparel, bananas, fruits and vegetables, cardamom, manufacturing products, precious stones and metals, electricity, fuels, machinery and transport equipment, construction materials, grain, fertilizers, electricity, mineral products, chemical products, plastic materials and products, US 39.8%, China 10.7%, Mexico 10.7%, El Salvador 5.3%, 4 privately owned national terrestrial TV channels dominate TV broadcasting; multi-channel satellite and cable services are available; 1 government-owned radio station and hundreds of privately owned radio stations, Army of Guatemala (Ejercito de Guatemala): Land Forces (Fuerzas de Tierra), Naval Forces (Fuerza de Mar), and Air Force (Fuerza de Aire); Ministry of Interior: National Civil Police (Policia Nacional Civil; includes paramilitary units), assessments of the size of the Army of Guatemala vary; approximately 21,500 active personnel (19,000 Land Forces; 1,500 Naval Forces; 1,000 Air Forces); approximately 30,000 National Civil Police, the Guatemalan military inventory is small and mostly comprised of older US equipment; since 2010, Guatemala has received limited amounts of equipment from Canada, Colombia, Spain, Taiwan, and the US, 150 Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO), all male citizens between the ages of 18 and 50 are eligible for military service; in practice, most of the force is volunteer, however, a selective draft system is employed, resulting in a small portion of 17-21 year-olds conscripted; conscript service obligation varies from 1 to 2 years; women can serve as officers, major transit country for cocaine and heroin; it is estimated that 1,000 mt of cocaine are smuggled through the country each year, primarily destined for the US market; in 2016, the Guatamalan government estimated that an average of 4,500 hectares of opium poppy were being cultivated; marijuana cultivation for mostly domestic consumption; proximity to Mexico makes Guatemala a major staging area for drugs (particularly for cocaine); money laundering is a serious problem; corruption is a major problem, Prepublication Classification Review Board, Freedom of Information Act Electronic Reading Room. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. During the second half of the 20th century, it experienced a variety of military and civilian governments, as well as a 36-year guerrilla war. Obesity is defined as an adult having a Body Mass Index (BMI) greater to or equal to 30.0. . A population pyramid illustrates the age and sex structure of a country's population and may provide insights about political and social stability, as well as economic development. Some 60% of the world's railways use the standard gauge of 1.4 m (4.7 ft). Its bordering countries are Honduras, El Salvador. Guatemala is a country of distinct fauna. Please note we have no control over the security and reliability of postal mail. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. The total fertility rate (TFR) is a more direct measure of the level of fertility than the crude birth rate, since it refers to births per woman. Other countries that became independent... Geographical facts about Guatemala. This entry measures the capacity of plants that generate electricity by using renewable energy sources other than hydroelectric (including, for example, wind, waves, solar, and geothermal), expressed as a share of the country's total generating capacity. Resources created by teaching professionals. This entry gives a figure for the average number of children that would be born per woman if all women lived to the end of their childbearing years and bore children according to a given fertility rate at each age. Rich and elite families in Guatemala City have lifestyles like those of people in cosmopolitan centers in developed countries, with access to advanced technology. The highlands tend to be cooler than the coastal areas and lowlands. . 2G - is short for second-generation cellular network. This entry gives the total length of the road network and includes the length of the paved and unpaved portions. . When data is available, the languages spoken in each country are broken down according to the percent of the total population speaking each language as a first language. Third Party: Have someone you trust travel to a less restrictive environment and deliver The entry on Geographic coordinates may be helpful in finding some smaller countries. This entry gives an estimate from the US Bureau of the Census based on statistics from population censuses, vital statistics registration systems, or sample surveys pertaining to the recent past and on assumptions about future trends. This entry has three subfields. . Other gauges are listed under note. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy.

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